Tracking is the series of pre-defined and self-sufficient procedures that provide information on the past records, location and route of a product or batch of products throughout the supply change and at a given time, through specific tools.
The global position system (GPS) is a system that determines the position of an object (a person, a vehicle) at all times, with centimetre precision. GPS works through a network made up of 24 satellites orbiting planet Earth, at a height of 20,200 km, with synchronised routes to cover the whole of the Earth’s surface. When it is necessary to determine a position, the receiver used for that purpose automatically locates a minimum of four of the network’s satellites, receiving signals that indicate the identification and time of each of them.
The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is a standard and free digital mobile telephony system. A GSM client can connect to their computer through their telephone and send and receive messages by email, by fax, browse the Internet, securely connect to the computer network and use other digital data transmission functions, including the short message system (SMS) or text messages.
The General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), created in the 1980s, is an extension of the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), for the transmission of data through packet switching. It allows for transfer speeds of between 56 and 114 kbps. GPRS enables the use of services such as Wireless Application Protocol (WAP), short message service (SMS), multimedia message service (MMS), Internet and communication services, such as email.
Iridium is the name of a constellation of 66 communication satellites that orbit the Earth in 6 low earth orbits (LEO), at a height of approximately 780 km from Earth. Each of the 6 orbits consists of 11 equidistant satellites. The satellites take 100 minutes to go around the world from pole to pole. The Iridium constellation was designed by Motorola to provide Mobile Satellite Services (MSS) with global coverage. The system’s objective is to provide voice and data communication using portable devices in areas that are out of the range of traditional communication systems, such as landline or mobile communication.
A tracker is an electronic device that provides the exact location of a delivery. It provides a wide variety of information: geographic position, speed, door status, cargo temperature, humidity, interior light conditions, freight movements, etc
The MOBITEC devices used in the different modes of transport (lorry, boat or plane) receive information on the position of deliveries through GPS technology. These data are transmitted to our servers through GPRS or Iridium SATELLITE mobile technology, where they are stored and managed. Finally, through the Web platform, clients can access the data in real time, obtaining all relevant information about their deliveries.